INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING: METHODOLOGY

METHODOLOGY

The study area was Enugu State. Enugu State was purposely selected because it is where Centre for Entrepreneurship and Development Research (CEDR), University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN) is located and that is where the training of small business operators took place.

Enugu State is located between latitude 5o56N and 7o06N and Longitude 6o33E and 7o55N.The State is bounded to the East by Ebony State, to the West by Anambra State, to the North by Benue state and to the south by Abia State (Ezike, 1996). The list of trained small business operators was gotten from CEDR, UNN. Those selected for the study were artisans and merchants. Two hundred and fifty respondents were randomly selected from the list, making the trained small business operators. With the help of the trained respondent, the untrained business operators were gotten through their unions and associations. Ten Unions were selected, their sample frame was 725; from this population 240 small business operators in the same line of business that did not attend the training was randomly selected making a total sample size of 490 respondents.

A well developed Small Business Operators Entrepreneurship Training Questionnaire (SBOET) was used for the study. This instrument was structured into 2 sections. Section 1 elicited response on their personal data, while section 2 was divided into 3 sub-sections of A, B, C which were placed on 4 point Likert scale of Strongly Agree (SA), Agree (A), Disagree (DA) Strongly Disagree (SD).

The items elicited information on their entrepreneurial performances, income level before and after the training and the problems militating against them in business. The SBOET was initially validated by two experts in Farm Management and Production Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Thereafter, it was tested on 20 small business operators in Enugu Urban. Cronbach Alpha Analysis was used to ascertain the internal consistency of the items. Result gave Reliability Coefficient Values of .73; .82 and .95 respectively for A and C. Clusters and an overall reliability coefficient of .93. Copies of the questionnaire were distributed as well as collected by the researcher herself on the spot to curb much attrition. However out of 500 copies distributed only 490 were completely filled, and used for the study. Percentages, Mean, Standard deviation and student t-test were used for answering research questions and analyzing hypotheses. A criterion mean of 2.50 and above indicated a positive influence towards the items being assessed. Items that score mean of 2.50 and above were accepted while ones that score below were rejected.

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