Over the years, a wide variety of teaching aids have been placed at the disposal of language teachers. Charts, slides, tape-recorders, videos, overhead projectors and many other technological innovations have taken the place of traditional chalk and board, though not completely. Computers and language learning methods are now closely inter-related and the judicious integration of both can enable students to organise and process their knowledge using keyboard buttons.
Computers are now used as effective tools in teaching grammar, vocabulary, syntax, and comprehension and even in developing interactive communication skills and in creating writing activities.
Every learner is an individual with different needs and abilities of learning a language.
Traditional methods of teaching a language placed the teacher in the role of a transmitter of knowledge while learners were seen as passive recipients of this knowledge. With the advent of the communicative method of language teaching, the focus in the classroom shifted from the teacher to the learner. Current trends in the field of English Language Teaching focus on learner autonomy, learner involvement, learner-generated syllabi, creation of relaxed atmosphere for learning, and training to relate to need-based learning. As a result, the concept of individualized instruction is increasingly gaining importance.
Study Skills have to do with getting information from any subject from the relevant sources of knowledge. The main sources of information for a learner are: a) books, b) classroom lectures, and c) the world at large. Learners have to internalise the information provided by these sources in the most efficient way in order to retain and retrieve it when necessary. As far as school learners are concerned, when it comes to collecting information from different sources, they mostly depend on reading the textbooks and listening to teachers explaining the contexts of the textbook. To identify the source of knowledge and to understand the content, school learners mostly depend on reading the textbooks and listening to teachers explaining the contents of the textbooks.
When they move from school to college their horizon of knowledge is expected to expand. They are expected to take notes while they listen to lectures in the classroom. They are also expected to seek information from various other sources and read more than one book for any given subject and assimilate the information presented to them. This requires efficient ways of reading. Students need to organize the information and present it in their assignments, examinations and projects. But when it comes to training, learners receive study skills in colleges at a tertiary level, it is rather inadequate. They are made to receive dense information in a short time. Due to their inability to assimilate the input they receive in various subjects, a sense of insecurity grips their minds.